Peer-reviewed publications

Zhang. L. et al. (14 co-authors). 2024. Global nitrous oxide emissions from livestock manure during 1890−2020: An IPCC Tier 2 inventory. Global Change Biology, in press.

Tian, H. et al. (57 co-authors). 2024. Global nitrous oxide budget 1980-2020. Earth System Science Data,

Cui, X., Y Bo, W. Adalibieke, W. Winiwarter, X. Zhang, E.A. Davidson, Z. Sun, H. Tian, P. Smith, and F. Zhou. 2024. The global potential for mitigating nitrous oxide emissions from croplands. One Earth, 7,

Davidson, E.A. and W. Winiwarter.  2023.  Urgent abatement of industrial sources of nitrous oxide.  Nature Climate Change, 13, 599-601,

Davidson, E.A., J.D. Semrau, and N.K. Nguyen. 2023. Improved scientific knowledge of methanogenesis and methanotrophy needed to slow climate change during the next 30 years. mBio, 10.1128/mbio.02059-23.

Grosz B. et al. (24 coauthors). 2023. Modeling denitrification: can we report what we don’t know? AGU Advances, e2023AV000990.

Zhu, Q., E.A. Davidson, J.G. Hagedorn, M.S. Castro, T.R. Fisher, R.J. Fox, S.E. Brown, and J.W. Lewis. 2023. Quantification of soil N2O and CH4 fluxes using the flux gradient method on a drainage water managed farm on the eastern shore of Maryland. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 343, 109762,

Davidson, E.A. 2022. Is the Transactional Carbon Credit Tail Wagging the Virtuous Soil Organic Matter Dog? Biogeochemistry,

Zou, T., X. Zhang, and E.A. Davidson. 2022. Global trends of cropland phosphorus use and sustainability challenges. Nature,

Zhang, X., Y, Wang, L. Schulte-Uebbing, W. de Vries, T. Zou, and E. Davidson. 2022. The Sustainable Nitrogen Management Index (SNMI): definition, global assessment, and potential improvements. Frontiers of Agricultural Science and Engineering,

Li, T., X. Zhang, Y. Zhong, E.A. Davidson, Z. Dou, W. Zhang, P.S. Pavinato, L.A. Martinelli, D.R. Kanter, J. Liu, and F. Zhang. 2022. A hierarchical framework for unpacking the nitrogen challenge. Earth’s Future, 10, e2022EF002870.

Hagedorn, J.G., E.A. Davidson, T.R. Fisher, R.J. Fox, Q. Zhu, A.B. Gustafson, E. Koontz, M.S. Castro, and J. Lewis. 2022. Effects of drainage water management in a corn–soy rotation on soil N2O and CH4 fluxes. Nitrogen 3, 128–148.

Zhang, X. et al. (18 coauthors). 2021. Quantitative assessment of agricultural sustainability reveals divergent priorities among nations. One Earth 4:1262-1277,

Yao, G., X. Zhang, E.A. Davidson, and F. Taheripour. 2021. The increasing global environmental consequences of a weakening US-China crop trade relationship. Nature Food,

Zhang, X. et al. (26 coauthors). 2021. Quantification of global and national nitrogen budgets for crop production. Nature Food, 2:529-540,

Hollinger, D.Y., E. A. Davidson, S. Fraver, H. Hughes J. T. Lee, A. D. Richardson, K. Savage, D. Sihi, and A. Teets, 2021. Multi-decadal carbon cycle measurements indicate resistance to external drivers of change at the Howland forest AmeriFlux site. Journal of Geophysical Research:Biogeosciences, 126, e2021JG006276.

Kanter, D. et al. (14 coauthors). 2021. Improving the social cost of nitrous oxide. Nature Climate Change,

Harris, L.A., et al., (18 coauthors). 2021. Equitable exchange: A framework for diversity and inclusion in the geosciences. AGU Advances 2, e2020AV000359.

Zeitler, P., et al., (18 coauthors). 2021. Confronting racism to advance our science. AGU Advances 2, e2020AV000296.

Tian, H. et al. (49 coauthors). 2020. A comprehensive quantification of global nitrous oxide sources and sinks.  Nature, 586:248-256.

Finzi, A. et al. (25 coauthors). 2020. The carbon budget of the Harvard Forest long-term ecological research sites:  Patterns, processes, and responses to global change. Ecological Monographs, 90(4), e01423.

Eagle, A.J., E.L. McLellan, E.M. Brawner, M.H. Chantigny, E.A. Davidson, J.B. Dickey, B.A. Linquist, T.M. Maaz, D.E. Pelster, C.M. Pittelkow, C. van Kessel, T.J. Vyn, and K.G. Cassman. Quantifying on-farm nitrous oxide emission reductions in food-supply chains. Earth’s Future,

Zhang, X, E.A. Davidson, T. Zou, L. Lassaletta, X. Quan, T. Li, and W. Zhang.  2020.  Centennial Challenges:  Quantifying nutrient budgets to inform sustainable nutrient management. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 34,

Sihi, D., E.A. Davidson, K.E. Savage, D. Liang. 2020. Simultaneous numerical representation of soil microsite production and consumption of carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide using probability distribution functions. Glob Change Biol., 26:200–218,

Thompson, R.L., L. Lassaletta, P.K. Patra, C. Wilson, K.C. Wells, A. Gressent, E.N. Koffi, M.P. Chipperfield, W. Winiwarter, E.A. Davidson, H. Tian, and J.G. Canadell. 2019. Acceleration of global N2O emissions seen from two decades of atmospheric inversion. Nature Climate Change,

Houlton, B.Z., M. Almaraz, V. Aneja, A. A. Austin, E. Bai, K. G. Cassman, J. Compton, E. A. Davidson, J. W. Erisman, J. N. Galloway, B. Gu, L. A. Martinelli, K. Scow, W. H. Schlesinger, T. P. Tomich, C. Wang. 2019. A world of co-benefits: Solving the global nitrogen challenge. Earth’s Future, 7.

Brando PM, Silvério D, Maracahipes‐Santos L, Oliveira‐Santos C, Levick SR, Coe MT., Migliavacca M, Balch JK, Macedo MN, Nepstad DC, Maracahipes L, Davidson E, Asner G, Kolle O, Trumbore S. 2019. Prolonged tropical forest degradation due to compounding disturbances: Implications for CO2 and H2O fluxes. Glob Change Biol. 25:2855–2868.

Davidson, E. 2019. Lessons from President George H. W. Bush for the present political environment, Eos, 100,

Sullivan, B.W., R. L. Nifong, M. K. Nasto, S. Alvarez-Clark, C. Dencker, F. M. Soper, K. T. Shoemaker, F. Y. Ishida, J. Zaragoza-Castells, E. A. Davidson, and C. C. Cleveland. 2019. Biogeochemical recuperation of lowland tropical forest during succession. Ecology, 100(4):e02641. 10.1002/ecy.2641.

Tian, H., J. Yang, R. Xu, C. Lu, J.G. Canadell, E.A. Davidson, R.B. Jackson, A. Arneth, J. Chang, P. Ciais, S. Gerber, A. Ito, F. Joos, S. Lienert, P. Messina, S. Olin, S. Pan, C. Peng, E. Saikawa, R.L. Thompson, N. Vuichard, W. Winiwarter, S. Zaehle, B. Zhang. 2019. Global soil nitrous oxide emissions since the preindustrial era estimated by an ensemble of terrestrial biosphere models: Magnitude, attribution, and uncertainty, Glob Change Biol. 25:640–659.

Jankowski, K., C. Neill, E.A. Davidson, M.N. Macedo, C. Costa Jr., G.L. Galford, L.M. Santos, P. Lefebvre, D. Nunes, C.E.P. Cerri, R. McHorney, C. O’Connell, and M.T. Coe. 2018. Deep soils modify environmental consequences of increased nitrogen fertilizer use in intensifying Amazon agriculture. Scientific Reports, 8:13478 | DOI:10.1038/s41598-018-31175-1.

Abramoff, R., X. Xu, M. Hartman, S. O’Brien, W. Feng, E. Davidson, A. Finzi, D. Moorhead, J. Schimel, M. Torn, M. A. Mayes. 2018. The Millennial model: in search of measurable pools and transformations for modeling soil carbon in the new century. Biogeochemistry, 137:51-71. DOI: 10.1007/s10533-017-0409-7

Clark, C.M., M. Bell, J.W. Boyd, J. Compton, E. Davidson, C. Davis, M. Fenn, L. Geiser, L. Jones, T. Blett. 2017. Nitrogen-induced terrestrial eutrophication: Cascading effects and impacts on ecosystem services. Ecosphere, 8(7):e01877. 10.1002/ecs2.1877.

Davidson, E.A. 2016. Projections of the soil-carbon deficit. Nature 540:47-48, doi:10.1038/540047a.

Figueira, A.M.e.S., E.A. Davidson, R. Nagy, S.H. Riskin, and L.A. Martinelli. 2016. Isotopically constrained soil carbon and nitrogen budgets in a soybean field chronosequence in the Brazilian Amazon region. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, 121, doi:10.1002/2016JG003470.

Greaver, T.L., C.M. Clark, J.E. Compton, D. Vallano, A.F. Talhelm, C.P. Weaver, L. E. Band, J. S. Baron, E. A. Davidson, C. L. Tague, E. Felker-Quinn, J. A. Lynch, J. D. Herrick, L. Liu, C. L. Goodale, K. J. Novak and R. A. Haeuber. 2016. Key ecological responses to nitrogen are altered by climate change. Nature Climate Change, 6:836-843, doi:10.1038/nclimate3088.

Carbone, M.S., A.D. Richardson, M. Chen, E.A. Davidson, H. Hughes, K. E. Savage, and D. Y. Hollinger. 2016. Constrained partitioning of autotrophic and heterotrophic respiration reduces model uncertainties of forest ecosystem carbon fluxes but not stocks. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, 121, doi:10.1002/2016JG003386.

Wehr, R., J.W. Munger, J.B. McManus, D.D. Nelson, M.S. Zahniser, E.A. Davidson, S.C. Wofsy, and S.R. Saleska. 2016. Seasonality of temperate forest photosynthesis and daytime respiration. Nature, 534:680-683, doi:10.1038/nature17966.

Davidson EA, Nifong RL, Ferguson RB, Palm C, Osmond DL and Baron JS (2016) Nutrients in the nexus. Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences, doi:10.1007/s13412-016-0364-y

Luo Y, Ahlström A, Allison SD, Batjes NH, Brovkin V, Carvalhais N, Chappell A, Ciais P, Davidson EA, Finzi A, Georgiou K, Guenet B, Hararuk O, Harden JW, He Y, Hopkins F, Jiang L, Charlie Koven C, Jackson RB, Jones CD, Lara MJ, Liang J, McGuire AD, Parton W, Peng C, Randerson JT, Salazar A, Sierra CA, Smith MJ, Tian H, Todd‐Brown KEO, Torn M, Groenigen KJ, Wang YP, West TO, Wei Y, Wieder WR, Xia J, Xu X, Xu X and Zhou T (2016) Towards more realistic projections of soil carbon dynamics by Earth system models. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 30(1): 40-56, doi:10.1002/2015GB005239

Zhang X, Davidson EA, Mauzerall DL, Searchinger TD, Dumas P and Shen Y (2015) Managing nitrogen for sustainable development. Nature 528(7580): 51-59, doi:10.1038/nature15743

Wieder WR, Allison SD, Davidson EA, Georgiou K, Hararuk O, He Y, Hopkins F, Luo Y, Smith MJ, Sulman B, Todd‐Brown K, Wang YP, Xia J and Xu X (2015) Explicitly representing soil microbial processes in Earth system models. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 29(10): 1782-1800, doi:10.1002/2015GB005188

Davidson EA (2015) Biogeochemistry: Soil carbon in a beer can. Nature Geoscience 8(10): 748-749, doi:10.1038/ngeo2522

Balch JK, Brando PM, Nepstad DC, Coe MT, Silvério D, Massad TJ, Davidson EA, Lefebvre P, Oliveira-Santos C, Rocha W, Cury RTS, Parsons A and Carvalho KS (2015) The susceptibility of southeastern Amazon forests to fire: Insights from a large-Scale burn experiment. Bioscience 65(9): 893-905, doi:10.1093/biosci/biv106

Angert A, Yakir D, Rodeghiero M, Preisler Y, Davidson EA and Weiner T (2015) Using O2 to study the relationships between soil CO2 efflux and soil respiration. Biogeosciences 12(7): 2089-2099, doi:10.5194/bg-12-2089-2015

Sierra CA, Trumbore SE, Davidson EA, Vicca S and Janssens I (2015) Sensitivity of decomposition rates of soil organic matter with respect to simultaneous changes in temperature and moisture. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems 7(1): 335-356, doi:10.1002/2014MS000358

Davidson EA, Suddick EC, Rice CW and Prokopy LS (2015) More food, low Pollution (Mo Fo Lo Po): A grand challenge for the 21st century. Journal of Environmental Quality 44(2): 305-311,

Zhang X, Mauzerall DL, Davidson EA, Kanter DR and Cai R (2015) The economic and environmental consequences of implementing nitrogen-efficient technologies and management practices in agriculture. Journal of Environmental Quality 44(2): 312-324, doi:10.2134/jeq2014.03.0129

Davidson EA, Savage KE and Finzi AC (2014) A big‐microsite framework for soil carbon modeling. Global Change Biology 20(12): 3610-3620, doi:10.1111/gcb.12718

Davidson EA, Galloway JN, Millar N and Leach AM (2014) N-related greenhouse gases in North America: innovations for a sustainable future. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability 9: 1-8, doi:10.1016/j.cosust.2014.07.003

Snyder CS, Davidson EA, Smith P and Venterea RT (2014) Agriculture: sustainable crop and animal production to help mitigate nitrous oxide emissions. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability 9: 46-54, doi:10.1016/j.cosust.2014.07.005

Macedo MA and Davidson EA (2014) Climate and land use: Forgive us our carbon debts. Nature Climate Change 4(7): 538-539, doi:10.1038/nclimate2279

Senna MCA, Costa MH, Davidson EA and Nobre CA (2014) Modeling the impact of net primary production dynamics on post-disturbance Amazon savannization. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências 86(2): 621-632, doi:10.1590/0001-37652014108212

Savage K, Phillips R and Davidson EA (2014) High temporal frequency measurements of greenhouse gas emissions from soils. Biogeosciences 11(10): 2709-2720, doi:10.5194/bg-11-2709-2014

Brando PM, Balch JK, Nepstad DC, Morton DC, Putz FE, Coe MT, Silvério D, Macedo MN, Davidson EA, Nóbrega CC, Alencar A and Soares-Filho BS (2014) Abrupt increases in Amazonian tree mortality due to drought–fire interactions. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 111(17): 6347-6352, doi: 10.1073/pnas.1305499111

Davidson EA and Kanter D (2014) Inventories and scenarios of nitrous oxide emissions. Environmental Research Letters 9(10): 105012, doi:10.1088/1748-9326/9/10/105012

Giasson MA, Ellison AM, Bowden RD, Crill PM, Davidson EA, Drake JE, SD Frey SD, Hadley JL, Lavine M, Melillo JM, Munger JW, Nadelhoffer KJ, Nicoll L, Ollinger SV, Savage KE, Steudler PA, Tang J, Varner RK, Wofsy SC, Foster DR and Finzi AC (2013) Soil respiration in a northeastern US temperate forest: a 22-year synthesis. Ecosphere 4(11): 1-28, doi:10.1890/ES13.00183.1

Figueiredo RO, Börner J and Davidson EA (2013) Watershed services payments to smallholders in the Brazilian Amazon: challenges and perspectives. Revista Ambiente & Água 8(2):6-17, doi:10.4136/ambi-agua.1056 

Savage KE, Parton WJ, Davidson EA, Trumbore SE and Frey SD (2013) Long‐term changes in forest carbon under temperature and nitrogen amendments in a temperate northern hardwood forest. Global Change Biology 19(8): 2389-2400, doi:10.1111/gcb.12224

Bettez ND, Marino R, Howarth RW and Davidson EA (2013) Roads as nitrogen deposition hot spots. Biogeochemistry 114(1-3): 149-163, doi:10.1007/s10533-013-9847-z

Suddick EC, Whitney P, Townsend AR and Davidson EA (2013) The role of nitrogen in climate change and the impacts of nitrogen–climate interactions in the United States: foreword to thematic issue. Biogeochemistry 114(1-3):1-10, doi:10.1007/s10533-012-9795-z

Pinder RW, Bettez ND, Bonan GB, Greaver TL, Wieder WR, Schlesinger WH, Davidson EA (2013) Impacts of human alteration of the nitrogen cycle in the US on radiative forcing. Biogeochemistry 114(1-3): 25-40, doi:10.1007/s10533-012-9787-z

Neill C, Coe MT, Riskin SH, Krusche AV, Elsenbeer H, Macedo MN, McHorney R, Lefebvre P, Davidson EA, Scheffler R, Porder S and Deegan LA (2013) Watershed responses to Amazon soya bean cropland expansion and intensification. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences 368(1619):20120425, doi:10.1098/rstb.2012.0425

Massad TJ, Balch JK, Davidson EA, Brando PM, Mews CL, Porto P, Quintino RM, Vieira SA, Marimon Jr. BH and Trumbore SE (2013) Interactions between repeated fire, nutrients, and insect herbivores affect the recovery of diversity in the southern Amazon. Oecologia 172(1):219-229, doi:10.1007/s00442-012-2482-x

Hayashi SN, Vieira ICG, Carvalho CJR and Davidson E (2013) Linking nitrogen and phosphorus dynamics in litter production and decomposition during secondary forest succession in the eastern Amazon. Embrapa Amazônia Oriental-Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) 7(3): 283-295

Savage K, Davidson EA and Tang J (2013) Diel patterns of autotrophic and heterotrophic respiration among phenological stages. Global Change Biology 19(4): 1151-1159, doi:10.1111/gcb.12108

Orwig DA,  Plotkin AAB, Davidson EA, Lux H, Savage KE and Ellison AM (2013) Foundation species loss affects vegetation structure more than ecosystem function in a northeastern USA forest. PeerJ 1:e41, doi:10.7717/peerj.41

Keenan TF,  Davidson EA, Munger JW and Richardson AD (2013) Rate my data: quantifying the value of ecological data for the development of models of the terrestrial carbon cycle. Ecological Applications 23(1): 273-286, doi:10.1890/12-0747.1

Reed SC, Townsend AR, Davidson EA and Cleveland CC (2013) Stoichiometric patterns in foliar nutrient resorption across multiple scales. New Phytologist 196(1):173-180, doi:10.1111/j.1469-8137.2012.04249.x

Sierra CA, Trumbore SE, Davidson EA, Frey SD, Savage KE and Hopkins FM (2012) Predicting decadal trends and transient responses of radiocarbon storage and fluxes in a temperate forest soil. Biogeosciences 9(8): 3013-3028, doi:10.5194/bg-9-3013-2012

Markewitz D, Figueiredo RO, Reis de Carvalho CJ and Davidson EA (2012) Soil and tree response to P fertilization in a secondary tropical forest supported by an Oxisol. Biology and Fertility of Soils 48(6): 665-678, doi:10.1007/s00374-011-0659-9

Keenan TF, Davidson E,Moffat AM, Munger W and Richardson AD (2012) Using model‐data fusion to interpret past trends, and quantify uncertainties in future projections, of terrestrial ecosystem carbon cycling. Global Change Biology 18(8): 2555-2569, doi:10.1111/j.1365-2486.2012.02684.x

Dios VR, Goulden ML, Ogle K, Richardson AD, Hollinger DY, Davidson EA, Alday JG, Barron‐Gafford GA, Carrara A, Kowalski AS, Oechel WC, Reverter BR, Scott RL, Varner RK, Díaz‐Sierra R and Moreno JM (2012) Endogenous circadian regulation of carbon dioxide exchange in terrestrial ecosystems. Global Change Biology 18(6): 1956-1970, doi:10.1111/j.1365-2486.2012.02664.x

Davidson EA (2012) Representative concentration pathways and mitigation scenarios for nitrous oxide. Environmental Research Letters 7(2): 024005, doi:10.1088/1748-9326/7/2/024005

Pinder RW, Davidson EA, Goodale CL, Greaver TL, Herrick JD and Liu L (2012) Climate change impacts of US reactive nitrogen. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 109(20): 7671-7675, doi: 10.1073/pnas.1114243109

Reay DS, Davidson EA, Smith KA, Smith P, Melillo JM, Dentener F and Crutzen PJ (2012) Global agriculture and nitrous oxide emissions. Nature Climate Change 2(6): 410-416, doi:10.1038/nclimate1458

Davidson EA, de Araújo AC, Artaxo P, Balch JK, Brown IF, Bustamante MMC, Coe MT, DeFries RS, Keller M, Longo M, Munger JW, Schroeder W, Soares-Filho BS, Souza CM and Wofsy SC (2012) The Amazon basin in transition. Nature 481: 321-328, doi:10.1038/nature10717

Davidson EA, Samanta S, Caramori SS and Savage KE (2012) The Dual Arrhenius and Michaelis–Menten kinetics model for decomposition of soil organic matter at hourly to seasonal time scales. Global Change Biology 18(1):371-384, doi:10.1111/j.1365-2486.2011.02546.x

Davidson, E. A., David, M. B., Galloway, J. N., Goodale, C. L., Haeuber, R., Harrison, J. A., Howarth, R. W., Jaynes, D. B., Lowrance, R. R., Nolan, B.T., Peel, J. L., Pinder, R. W., Porter, E., Snyder, C. S., Townsend, A. R., & Ward, M. H. (2011) Excess nitrogen in the U.S. environment: Trends, risks, and solutions. Issues in Ecology 15

Woodwell GM, Houghton RA, Davidson EA and Nepstad DC (2011) The first principles for climatic stabilization. Carbon Management 2(6):605-606, doi:10.4155/cmt.11.66

Ferreira LG, Asner GP, Knapp DE, Davidson EA, Coe M, MC Bustamante MCC and de Oliveira EL (2011) Equivalent water thickness in savanna ecosystems: MODIS estimates based on ground and EO-1 Hyperion data. International Journal of Remote Sensing 32(22): 7423-7440, doi:10.1080/01431161.2010.523731

Conant RT, Ryan MG, Ågren GI, Birge HE, Davidson EA, Eliasson PE, Evans SE, Frey SD, Giardina CP, Hopkins FM, Hyvönen R, Kirschbaum MUF, Lavallee JM, Leifeld J, Parton WJ, Steinweg JM, Wallenstein MD, Wetterstedt JÅM and Bradford MA (2011) Temperature and soil organic matter decomposition rates–synthesis of current knowledge and a way forward. Global Change Biology 17(11): 3392-3404, doi:10.1111/j.1365-2486.2011.02496.x

Richey JE, Ballester MV, Davidson EA, Johnson MS and Krusche AV (2011) Land-water interactions in the amazon. Biogeochemistry 105(1-3):1-5, doi:10.1007/s10533-011-9622-y

Resende JCF, Markewitz D, Klink CA, Bustamante MMC and Davidson EA (2011) Phosphorus cycling in a small watershed in the Brazilian Cerrado: impacts of frequent burning. Biogeochemistry 105(1-3):105-118, doi:10.1007/s10533-010-9531-5

Davidson E, Lefebvre PA, Brando PM, Ray DM, Trumbore SE, Solorzano LA, Ferreira JN, Bustamante MMC and Nepstad DC (2011) Carbon inputs and water uptake in deep soils of an eastern Amazon forest. Forest Science 57(1):51-58

Luo Y, Melillo J, Niu S, Beier C, Clark JS, Classen AT, Davidson E, Dukes JS, Evans R, Field CB, Czimczik CI, Keller M, Kimball BA, Kueppers LM, Norby RJ, Pelini SL, Pendall E, Rastetter E, Six J, Smith M, Tjoelker MG and Torn MS (2011) Coordinated approaches to quantify long‐term ecosystem dynamics in response to global change. Global Change Biology 17(2):843-854, doi:10.1111/j.1365-2486.2010.02265.x

Ward MH, Brender JD, Davidson EA and Townsend AR (2011) Re: Exaggerated Claims on Nitrate’s Effects on Human Health. Crop Science News 56(1): 16

Figueiredo RO, Markewitz D, Davidson EA, Schuler AE, Watrin OS and Silva PS (2010) Land‐use effects on the chemical attributes of low‐order streams in the eastern Amazon. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences 115:G04004, doi:10.1029/2009JG001200

Davidson EA, Figueiredo RO,Markewitz D and Aufdenkampe AK (2010) Dissolved CO2 in small catchment streams of eastern Amazonia: A minor pathway of terrestrial carbon loss. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences 115:G04005, doi:10.1029/2009JG001202

Schipper LA, Gold AJ and Davidson EA (2010) Managing denitrification in human-dominated landscapes. Ecological Engineering 36(11): 1503-1506, doi:10.1016/j.ecoleng.2010.07.027

Davidson EA (2010) Permafrost and wetland carbon stocks. Science 330(6008): 1176-1177, doi:10.1126/science.330.6008.1176-b

Richardson AD, Williams M, Hollinger DY, Moore DJP, Dail DB, Davidson EA, Scott NA, Evans RS, Hughes H, Lee JT, Rodrigues C and Savage K (2010) Estimating parameters of a forest ecosystem C model with measurements of stocks and fluxes as joint constraints. Oecologia 164(1): 25-40, doi:10.1007/s00442-010-1628-y

Markewitz D, Devine S, Davidson EA, Brando P and Nepstad DC (2010) Soil moisture depletion under simulated drought in the Amazon: impacts on deep root uptake. New Phytologist 187(3): 592-607, doi:10.1111/j.1469-8137.2010.03391.x

Bahn M, Reichstein M, Davidson EA, Grünzweig J, Jung M, Carbone MS, Epron D, Misson L, Nouvellon Y, Roupsard O, Savage K, Trumbore SE, Gimeno C,  Yuste JC, Tang J, Vargas R and Janssens IA (2010) Soil respiration at mean annual temperature predicts annual total across vegetation types and biomes. Biogeosciences 7(7): 2147-2157, doi:10.5194/bg-7-2147-2010

Davidson EA, Savage KE, Bettez ND, Marino R and Howarth RW (2010) Nitrogen in runoff from residential roads in a coastal area. Water, Air & Soil Pollution 210(1-4): 3-13, doi:10.1007/s11270-009-0218-2

Siddique I, Vieira ICG, Schmidt S, Lamb D, Carvalho CJR, Figueiredo RO, Blomberg S and Davidson EA (2010) Nitrogen and phosphorus additions negatively affect tree species diversity in tropical forest regrowth trajectories. Ecology 91(7): 2121-2131, doi:10.1890/09-0636.1 

de Almeida AS, Stone TA, Vieira ICG and Davidson EA (2010) Nonfrontier deforestation in the eastern Amazon. Earth Interactions 14:1-15, doi:10.1175/2009EI290.1

Bobbink R, Hicks K, Galloway J, Spranger T, Alkemade R, Ashmore M, Bustamante M, Cinderby S, Davidson E, Dentener F, Emmett B, Erisman JW, Fenn M, Gilliam F, Nordin A, Pardo L and De Vries W (2010) Global assessment of nitrogen deposition effects on terrestrial plant diversity: a synthesis. Ecological Applications 20(1): 30-59, doi:10.1890/08-1140.1

Stickler CM, Nepstad DC, Coe MT, McGrath, DG, Rodrigues HO, Walker WS, Soares-Fihlo BS and Davidson EA (2009) The potential ecological costs and cobenefits of REDD: a critical review and case study from the Amazon region. Global Change Biology 15(12), 2803–2824, doi:10.1111/j.1365-2486.2009.02109.x

Savage K, Davidson EA, Richardson AD and Hollinger DY (2009) Three scales of temporal resolution from automated soil respiration measurements. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 149(11), 2012–2021, doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2009.07.008

Ferreira JN, Bustamante MMC and Davidson EA (2009) Linking woody species diversity with plant available water at a landscape scale in a Brazilian savanna. Journal of Vegetation Science 20(5), 826–835, doi:10.1111/j.1654-1103.2009.01076.x

Davidson EA (2009) The contribution of manure and fertilizer nitrogen to atmospheric nitrous oxide since 1860. Nature Geosciences 2(9), 659–662, doi:10.1038/ngeo608

Bryan Dail D, Hollinger DY, Davidson EA, Fernandez I, Sievering HC, Scott NA and Gaige E (2009) Distribution of nitrogen-15 tracers applied to the canopy of a mature spruce-hemlock stand, Howland, Maine, USA. Oecologia 160(3), 589–599, doi:10.1007/s00442-009-1325-x

Groffman PM, Davidson EA and Seitzinger S (2009) New approaches to modeling denitrification. Biogeochemistry 93(1-2), 1–5, doi:10.1007/s10533-009-9285-0

Savage K, Davidson EA and Richardson AD (2008) A conceptual and practical approach to data quality and analysis procedures for high-frequency soil respiration measurements. Functional Ecology 22(6), 1000–1007, doi:10.1111/j.1365-2435.2008.01414.x

Davidson EA, Nepstad DC, Ishida FY and Brando PM (2008) Effects of an experimental drought and recovery on soil emissions of carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, and nitric oxide in a moist tropical forest. Global Change Biology 14(11), 2582–2590, doi:10.1111/j.1365-2486.2008.01694.x

Torres-Cañabate P, Davidson EA, Bulygina E, García-Ruiz R and Carreira JA (2008) Abiotic immobilization of nitrate in two soils of relic Abies pinsapo-fir forests under Mediterranean climate. Biogeochemistry 91(1), 1–11, doi:10.1007/s10533-008-9255-y

Davidson EA, Dail DB and Chorover J (2008) Iron interference in the quantification of nitrate in soil extracts and its effect on hypothesized abiotic immobilization of nitrate. Biogeochemistry 90(1), 65–73, doi:10.1007/s10533-008-9231-6

Davidson EA (2008) Biogeochemistry: Fixing forests. Nature Geosciences 1(7), 421–422, doi:10.1038/ngeo244

Verchot LV, Brienza S, de Oliveira VC, Mutegi JK, Cattânio JH and Davidson EA (2008) Fluxes of CH4, CO2, NO, and N2O in an improved fallow agroforestry system in eastern Amazonia. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 126(1-2), 113–121, doi:10.1016/j.agee.2008.01.012

Brando PM, Nepstad DC, Davidson EA, Trumbore SE, Ray D and Camargo P (2008) Drought effects on litterfall, wood production and belowground carbon cycling in an Amazon forest: results of a throughfall reduction experiment. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 363(1498), 1839–1848, doi:10.1098/rstb.2007.0031

Davidson EA, de Abreu Sá TD, Reis Carvalho CJ, de Oliveira Figueiredo R, Kato M do SA, Kato OR and Ishida FY (2008) An integrated greenhouse gas assessment of an alternative to slash-and-burn agriculture in eastern Amazonia. Global Change Biology 14(5), 998–1007, doi:10.1111/j.1365-2486.2008.01542.x

Garcia-Montiel DC, Coe MT, Cruz MP, Ferreira JN, da Silva EM and Davidson EA (2008) Estimating seasonal changes in volumetric soil water content at landscape scales in a savanna ecosystem using two-dimensional resistivity profiling. Earth Interactions 12(2), 1–25, doi:10.1175/2007ei238.1

Davidson EA, Asner GP, Stone TA, Neill C and Figueiredo RO (2008) Objective indicators of pasture degradation from spectral mixture analysis of Landsat imagery. Journal of Geophysical Research 113(G1), doi:10.1029/2007jg000622

Davidson EA and Howarth RW (2007) Environmental science: Nutrients in synergy. Nature 449(7165), 1000–1001, doi:10.1038/4491000a

Gaige E, Dail DB, Hollinger DY, Davidson EA, Fernandez IJ, Sievering H, White A and Halteman W (2007) Changes in canopy processes following whole-forest canopy nitrogen fertilization of a mature spruce-hemlock forest. Ecosystems 10(7), 1133–1147, doi:10.1007/s10021-007-9081-4

Ferreira JN, Bustamante M, Garcia-Montiel DC, Caylor KK and Davidson,EA (2007) Spatial variation in vegetation structure coupled to plant available water determined by two-dimensional soil resistivity profiling in a Brazilian savanna. Oecologia 153(2), 417–430, doi:10.1007/s00442-007-0747-6

Belk EL, Markewitz D, Rasmussen TC, Carvalho EJM, Nepstad DC and Davidson EA (2007) Modeling the effects of throughfall reduction on soil water content in a Brazilian Oxisol under a moist tropical forest. Water Resources Research 43(8), W08432, doi:10.1029/2006wr005493

Davidson EA, de Carvalho CJR, Figueira AM, Ishida FY, Ometto JPHB, Nardoto GB, Saba RT, Hayashi SN, Leal EC, Vieria ICG and Martinelli LA (2007) Recuperation of nitrogen cycling in Amazonian forests following agricultural abandonment. Nature 447(7147), 995–998, doi:10.1038/nature05900

Davidson EA (2007) Dirt cheap soil. Nature 447(7146), 777–778, doi:10.1038/447777a

Richardson AD, Braswell BH, Hollinger DY, Burman P, Davidson EA, Evans RS, Flanagan LB, Munger JW, Savage K, Urbanski SP and Wofsy SC (2006) Comparing simple respiration models for eddy flux and dynamic chamber data. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 141(2-4), 219–234, doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2006.10.010

Townsend AR and Davidson EA (2006) Denitrification across landscapes and waterscapes. Ecological Applications 16, 2055–2056, doi:10.1890/1051-0761(2006)016[2055:DALAW]2.0.CO;2

Davidson EA and Seitzinger S (2006) The enigma of progress in denitrification research. Ecological Applications 16, 2057–2063, doi:10.1890/1051-0761(2006)016[2057:TEOPID]2.0.CO;2

Markewitz D, Resende JCF, Parron L, Bustamante M, Klink CA, Figueiredo R de O and Davidson EA (2006) Dissolved rainfall inputs and streamwater outputs in an undisturbed watershed on highly weathered soils in the Brazilian cerrado. Hydrological Processes 20(12), 2615–2639, doi:10.1002/hyp.6219

Borken W, Davidson EA, Savage K, Sundquist ET and Steudler P (2006) Effect of summer throughfall exclusion, summer drought, and winter snow cover on methane fluxes in a temperate forest soil. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 38(6), 1388–1395, doi:10.1016/j.soilbio.2005.10.011

Davidson EA, Savage KE, Trumbore SE and Borken W (2006) Vertical partitioning of CO2 production within a temperate forest soil. Global Change Biology 12(6), 944–956, doi:10.1111/j.1365-2486.2005.01142.x

Markewitz D, Figueiredo R de O and Davidson EA (2006) CO2-driven cation leaching after tropical forest clearing. Journal of Geochemical Exploration 88(1-3), 214–219, doi:10.1016/j.gexplo.2005.08.042

Davidson EA and Janssens IA (2006) Temperature sensitivity of soil carbon decomposition and feedbacks to climate change. Nature 440(7081), 165–173, doi:10.1038/nature04514

Davidson EA, Richardson AD, Savage KE and Hollinger DY (2006) A distinct seasonal pattern of the ratio of soil respiration to total ecosystem respiration in a spruce-dominated forest. Global Change Biology 12(2), 230–239, doi:10.1111/j.1365-2486.2005.01062.

Borken W, Savage K, Davidson EA and Trumbore SE (2006) Effects of experimental drought on soil respiration and radiocarbon efflux from a temperate forest soil. Global Change Biology 12(2), 177–193, doi:10.1111/j.1365-2486.2005.001058.x

Davidson EA, Janssens IA and Luo Y (2006) On the variability of respiration in terrestrial ecosystems: moving beyond Q10. Global Change Biology 12(2), 154–164, doi:10.1111/j.1365-2486.2005.01065.x

Zarin DJ, Davidson EA, Brondizio E, Vieira ICG, Sa T, Feldpausch T, Schuur EAG, Mesquita R, Moran E, Delamonica P, Ducey MJ, Hurtt GC, Salimon C and Denich M (2005) Legacy of fire slows carbon accumulation in Amazonian forest regrowth. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 3(7), 365, doi:10.1890/1540-9295(2005)003[0365:LOFSCA]2.0.CO;2

Oliveira RS, Bezerra L, Davidson EA, Pinto F, Klink CA, NEPSTAD DC and Moreira A (2005) Deep root function in soil water dynamics in cerrado savannas of central Brazil. Functional Ecology 19(4), 574–581, doi:10.1111/j.1365-2435.2005.01003.x

Hollinger DY, Aber J, Dail B, Davidson EA, Goltz SM, Hughes H, Leclerc MY, Lee JT, Richardson AD, Rodrigues C, Scott  NA, Achuatavarier D and Walsh J (2004) Spatial and temporal variability in forest-atmosphere CO2 exchange. Global Change Biology 10(10), 1689–1706, doi:10.1111/j.1365-2486.2004.00847.x

Keller M, Alencar A, Asner GP, Braswell B, Bustamante M, Davidson E, Feldpausch T, Fernandes E, Goulden M, Kabat P, Kruijt P, Luizão F, Miller S, Markewitz D, Nobre AD, Nobre CA, Filho NP, da Rocha H, Dias PS, von Randow C and Vourlitis GL (2004) Ecological research in the Large-scale Biosphere–Atmosphere experiment in Amazonia: Early Results. Ecological Applications 14, 3–16, doi:10.1890/03-6003

Markewitz D, Davidson E, Moutinho P and Nepstad D (2004) Nutrient loss and redistribution after forest clearing on a highly weathered soil in Amazonia. Ecological Applications 14, 177–199, doi:10.1890/01-6016

Davidson EA, Reis de Carvalho CJ, Vieira ICG, Figueiredo R de O, Moutinho P, Ishida FY, dos Santos MTP, Guerrero JB, Kalif K and Tuma Sabá R (2004) Nitrogen and phosphorus limitation of biomass growth in a tropical secondary forest. Ecological Applications 14, 150–163, doi:10.1890/01-6006

Micks P, Aber JD, Boone RD and Davidson EA (2004) Short-term soil respiration and nitrogen immobilization response to nitrogen applications in control and nitrogen-enriched temperate forests. Forest Ecology and Management 196(1), 57–70, doi:10.1016/j.foreco.2004.03.012

Bowden RD, Davidson E, Savage K, Arabia C and Steudler P (2004) Chronic nitrogen additions reduce total soil respiration and microbial respiration in temperate forest soils at the Harvard Forest. Forest Ecology and Management 196(1), 43–56, doi:10.1016/j.foreco.2004.03.011

Scott NA, Rodrigues CA, Hughes H, Lee JT, Davidson EA, Dail DB, Malerba P and Hollinger DY (2004) Changes in carbon storage and net carbon exchange one year after an initial shelterwood Harvest at Howland Forest, ME. Environmental Management 33(S1), s9-s22, doi:10.1007/s00267-003-9114-5

Vasconcelos SS, Zarin DJ, Capanu M, Littell R, Davidson EA, Ishida FY, Santos EB, Araújo MM, Aragão DB, Rangel-Vasconcelos LGT, Oliveira FA, McDowell WH and de Carvalho CJR (2004) Moisture and substrate availability constrain soil trace gas fluxes in an eastern Amazonian regrowth forest. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 18(2), GB2009, doi:10.1029/2003gb002210

Davidson EA and Artaxo P(2004) Globally significant changes in biological processes of the Amazon Basin: results of the Large-scale Biosphere-Atmosphere Experiment. Global Change Biology 10(5), 519–529, doi:10.1111/j.1529-8817.2003.00779.x

Salimon CI, Davidson EA,Victoria RL and Melo AWF(2004) CO2 flux from soil in pastures and forests in southwestern Amazonia. Global Change Biology 10(5), 833–843,  doi:10.1111/j.1529-8817.2003.00776.x

Davidson EA, Nepstad DC, Ishida FY and Brando PM (2008) Effects of an experimental drought and recovery on soil emissions of carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, and nitric oxide in a moist tropical forest. Global Change Biology 14, 2582–2590, doi:10.1111/j.1365-2486.2008.01694.x

Xiao X, Hollinger D, Aber J, Goltz M, Davidson EA, Zhang Q and Moore B (2004) Satellite-based modeling of gross primary production in an evergreen needleleaf forest. Remote Sensing of Environment 89(4), 519–534, doi:10.1016/j.rse.2003.11.008

Vieira I, Silva de Almeida A, Davidson EA, Stone TA, de Carvalho CJR and Guerrero JB (2003) Classifying successional forests using Landsat spectral properties and ecological characteristics in eastern Amazônia. Remote Sensing of Environment 87(4), 470–481, doi:10.1016/j.rse.2002.09.002

Borken W, Davidson EA, Savage K, Gaudinski J and Trumbore SE (2003) Drying and wetting effects on carbon dioxide release from organic horizons. Soil Science Society of America Journal 67(6), 1888, doi:10.2136/sssaj2003.1888

Walker C, Davidson E, Kingerlee W and Savage K (2003) Incubation conditions of forest soil yielding maximum dissolved organic nitrogen concentrations and minimal residual nitrate. Biological Bulletin 205(2), 256, doi:10.2307/1543282

Verchot LV, Moutinho PR, and Davidson EA (2003) Leaf-cutting ant (Atta Sexdens) and nutrient cycling: deep soil inorganic nitrogen stocks, mineralization, and nitrification in Eastern Amazonia. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 35(9), 1219–1222, doi:10.1016/s0038-0717(03)00183-4

Angert A, Barkan E, Barnett B, Brugnoli E, Davidson EA, Fessenden J, Maneepong S, Panapitukkul N, Randerson JT, Savage K, Yakir D and Luz B (2003) Contribution of soil respiration in tropical, temperate, and boreal forests to the 18O enrichment of atmospheric O2. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 17(3), 1089, doi:10.1029/2003gb002056

Moutinho P, Nepstad DC and Davidson EA (2003) Influence of leaf-cutting ant nests on secondary forest growth and soil properties in Amazonia. Ecology 84, 1265–1276, doi:10.1890/0012-9658(2003)084[1265:IOLANO]2.0.CO;2

Savage KE and Davidson EA (2003) A comparison of manual and automated systems for soil CO2 flux measurements: trade-offs between spatial and temporal resolution. Journal of Experimental Botany 54(384), 891–899, doi:10.1093/jxb/erg121

Davidson EA, Chorover J and Dail DB (2003) A mechanism of abiotic immobilization of nitrate in forest ecosystems: the ferrous wheel hypothesis. Global Change Biology 9(2), 228–236, doi:10.1046/j.1365-2486.2003.00592.x

Davidson EA, Savage K, Bolstad P, Clark D, Curtis P, Ellsworth D, Hanson PJ, Law BE, Luo Y, Pregitzer KS, Randolph JC and Zak D (2002) Belowground carbon allocation in forests estimated from litterfall and IRGA-based soil respiration measurements. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 113(1-4), 39–51, doi:10.1016/s0168-1923(02)00101-6

Davidson EA, Savage K, Verchot L and Navarro R (2002) Minimizing artifacts and biases in chamber-based measurements of soil respiration. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 113(1-4), 21–37, doi:10.1016/s0168-1923(02)00100-4

Borken W, Xu, YJ, Davidson EA and Beese F (2002) Site and temporal variation of soil respiration in European beech, Norway spruce, and Scots pine forests. Global Change Biology 8(12), 1205–1216, doi:10.1046/j.1365-2486.2002.00547.x

Nepstad DC, Moutinho P,  Dias-Filho MB, Davidson E, Cardinot G, Markewitz D, Figueiredo R, Vianna N, Chambers J, Ray D, Guerreiros JB, Lefebvre P, Sternberg L, Moreira M, Barros L, Ishida FY, Tohlver I, Belk E, Kalif K and Schwalbe K (2002) The effects of partial throughfall exclusion on canopy processes, aboveground production, and biogeochemistry of an Amazon forest. Journal of Geophysical Research 107(D20), doi:10.1029/2001jd000360

Cattânio JH, Davidson EA, Nepstad DC, Verchot LV and Ackerman IL (2002) Unexpected results of a pilot throughfall exclusion experiment on soil emissions of CO2, CH4, N2O, and NO in eastern Amazonia. Biology and Fertility of soils 36(2), 102-208, doi: 10.1007/s00374-002-0517-x

Goodale CL and Davidson EA (2002) Carbon cycle: uncertain sinks in the shrubs. Nature 418 (6898), 593-594 doi:10.1038/418593a

Erickson H, Davidson EA and Keller M (2002) Former land-use and tree species affect nitrogen oxide emissions from a tropical dry forest. Oecologia 130, 297-308, doi:10.1007/s004420100801

Gaudinski J, Trumbore S, Davidson EA, Cook A, Markewitz D and Richter D (2001) The age of fine-root carbon in three forests of the eastern United States measured by radiocarbon. Oecologia 129, 420-429, doi: 10.1007/s004420100746

Potter C, Davidson EA, Nepstad D and Carvalho CJR (2001) Ecosystem modeling and dynamic effects of deforestation on trace gas fluxes in Amazon tropical forests. Forest Ecology and Management 152(1-3), 97-117, doi:10.1016/S0378-1127(00)00593-4

Dail DB, Davidson EA and Chorover J (2001) Rapid abiotic transformation of nitrate in an acid forest soil. Biogeochemistry 54(2), 131-146, doi:10.1023/A:1010627431722

Davidson EA and Hirsch AI (2001) Carbon cycle: Fertile forest experiments. Nature 411(6836), 431-433, doi:10.1038/35078181

Markewitz D, Davidson EA, Figueiredo RO, Victoria RL and Krusche AV (2001) Control of cation constraints in stream waters by surface soil processes in an Amazonian watershed. Nature 410(6830), 802-805, doi:10.1038/35071052

Davidson EA, Bustamante M and de Siqueira Pinto A (2001) Emissions of nitrous oxide and nitric oxide from soils of native and exotic ecosystems of the amazon and cerrado regions of Brazil. The Scientific World Journal 1, 312-319, doi:10.1100/tsw.2001.261

Erickson H, Keller M and Davidson EA (2001) Nitrogen oxide fluxes and nitrogen cycling during postagricultural succession and forest fertilization in the humid tropics. Ecosystems 4, 67–84, doi: 10.1007/s100210000060

Savage KE and Davidson EA (2001) Interannual variation of soil respiration in two New England forests. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 15 (2), 337-350, doi:10.1029/1999GB001248

Davidson EA, Trumbore SE and Amundson R (2000) Biogeochemistry: Soil warming and organic carbon content. Nature 408, 789-790, doi:10.1038/35048672

Gaudinski JB, Trumbore SE, Davidson EA and Zheng S (2000) Soil carbon cycling in a temperate forest: radiocarbon-based estimates of residence times, sequestration rates and partitioning of fluxes. Biogeochemistry 51(1), 33–69, doi:10.1023/A:1006301010014

Davidson EA, Keller M, Erickson HE, Verchot LV and Veldkamp E (2000) Testing a conceptual model of soil emissions of nitrous and nitric oxides using two functions based on soil nitrogen availability and soil water content, the hole-in-the-pipe model characterizes a large fraction of the observed variation of nitric oxide and nitrous oxide emissions from soils. BioScience 50 (8), 667-680, doi:10.1641/0006-3568(2000)050[0667:TACMOS]2.0.CO;2

Pérez T, Trumbore SE, Tyler SC, Davidson EA, Keller M and Camargo PB (2000) Isotopic variability of N2O emissions from tropical forest soils. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 14(2), 525-535, doi:10.1029/1999GB001181

Davidson EA and Verchot LV (2000) Testing the hole-in-the-pipe model of nitric and nitrous oxide emissions from soils using the TRAGNET Database. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 14(4), 1035-1043, doi:10.1029/1999GB001223

Verchot LV, Davidson EA, Cattânio JH and Ackerman IL (2000) Land-use change and biogeochemical controls of methane fluxes in soils of eastern Amazonia. Ecosystems 3(1), 41-56, doi: 10.1007/s100210000009

Davidson EA, Verchot LV, Cattânio JH, Ackerman IL and Varvalho JEM (2000) Effects of soil water content on soil respiration in forests and cattle pastures of eastern Amazonia. Biogeochemistry, 48(1), 53-69, doi:10.1023/A:1006204113917

Hollinger DY, Goltz SM, Davidson EA, Lee JT, Tu K and Valentine HT (1999) Seasonal patterns and environmental control of carbon dioxide and water vapour exchange in an ecotonal boreal forest. Global Change Biology 5(8), 891-902, doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2486.1999.00281.x

Camargo PB, Trumbore SE, Martinelli L, Davidson EA, Nepstad DC and Victoria RL (1999) Soil carbon dynamics in regrowing forest of eastern Amazonia. Global Change Biology 5(6), 693-702, doi:10.1046/j.1365-2486.1999.00259.x

Cochrane MA, Alencar A, Schulze MD, Souza CMJrNepstad DC, Lefebvre P and Davidson EA (1999) Positive feedbacks in the fire dynamic of closed canopy tropical forests. Science 284(5421), 1832-1835, doi: 10.1126/science.284.5421.1832

Veldkamp E, Davidson EA, Erickson H, Keller M and Weitz A (1999) Soil nitrogen cycling and nitrogen oxide emissions along a pasture chronosequence in the humid tropics of Costa Rica. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 31(3), 387-394, doi:10.1016/S0038-0717(98)00141-2

Verchot LV, Davidson EA, Cattânio H, Ackerman IL, Erickson HE and Keller M (1999) Land use change and biogeochemical controls of nitrogen oxide emissions from soils in eastern Amazonia. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 13(1), 31-46, doi:10.1029/1998GB900019

Woodwell GM, Mackenzie FT, Houghton RA, Apps M, Gorham E and Davidson EA (1998) Biotic feedbacks in the warming of the earth. Climatic Change 40(3-4), 495-518, doi:10.1023/A:1005345429236

Davidson EA, Potter CS, Schlesinger P and Klooster SA (1998) Model estimates of regional nitric oxide emissions from soils of the Southeastern United States. Ecological Applications 8(3), 748-759, doi:10.1890/1051-0761(1998)008[0748:MEORNO]2.0.CO;2

Potter CS, Davidson EA, Klooster SA, Nepstad DC, Negreiros GH and Brooks V (1998) Regional application of an ecosystem production model for studies of biogeochemistry in Brazilian Amazonia. Global Change Biology 4(3), 315-333, doi:10.1046/j.1365-2486.1998.00154.x

Davidson EA, Belk E and Boone RD (1998) Soil water content and temperature as independent or confounded factors controlling soil respiration in a temperate mixed hardwood forest. Global Change Biology 4(2), 217-227, doi:10.1046/j.1365-2486.1998.00128.x

Rapalee G, Trumbore SE, Davidson EA, Harden JW and Veldhuis H (1998) Soil carbon stocks and their rates of accumulation and loss in a boreal forest landscape. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 12(4), 687-701, doi:10.1029/98GB02336

Houghton RA, Davidson EA and Verchot LV (1998) Missing sinks, feedbacks, and understanding the role of terrestrial ecosystems in the global carbon balance. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 12(1), 25-34, doi:10.1029/72997GB02

Davidson EA and Kingerlee W (1997) A global inventory of nitric oxide emissions from soils. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems  48(1), 37-50, doi:10.1023/A:1009738715891

Potter CS, Davidson EA and Verchot LV (1996) Estimation of global biogeochemical controls and seasonality in soil methane consumption. Chemosphere 32 (11), 2219-2246, doi:10.1016/0045-6535(96)00119-1

Potter CS, Matson PA, Vitousek PM and Davidson EA (1996) Process modeling of controls on nitrogen trace gas emissions from soils worldwide. Journal of Geophysical Research 101(D1), 1361-1377, doi:10.1029/95JD02028

Davidson EA, Matson PA and Brooks PD (1996) Nitrous oxide emission controls and inorganic nitrogen dynamics in fertilized tropical agricultural soils. Soil Science Society of America Journal 60(4), 1145-1152, doi:10.2136/sssaj1996.03615995006000040027x

Davidson EA (1995) Spatial covariation of soil organic carbon, clay content, and drainage class at a regional scale. Landscape Ecology 10(6), 349-362, doi:10.1007/BF00130212

Davidson EA and Trumbore SE (1995) Gas diffusivity and production of CO2 in deep soils of the eastern Amazon. Tellus B 47(5), 550-565, doi:10.1034/j.1600-0889.47.issue5.3.x

Davidson EA, Nepstad DC, Klink C and Trumbore SE (1995) Pasture soils as carbon sinks. Nature Publishing Group 376(6540), 472-473, doi:10.1038/376472a0

Trumbore SE, Davidson EA, Camargo PB and Nepstad DC (1995) Belowground cycling of carbon in forests and pastures of eastern Amazonia. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 9(4), 515-528, doi:10.1029/95GB02148

Nepstad DC, Carvalho CRde, Davidson EA, Jipp PH, Lefebvre PA, Negreiros GH, Silva ED, Stone TA, Trumbore SE and Vieira S (1994) The role of deep roots in the hydrological and carbon cycles of Amazonian forests and pastures. Nature 372 (6507), 666-669, doi:10.1038/372666a0

Davidson EA and Hackler JL (1994) Soil heterogeneity can mask the effects of ammonium availability on nitrification. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 26(10), 1449-1453, doi:10.1016/0038-0717(94)90232-1

Williams EJ and Davidson EA (1993) An intercomparison of two chamber methods for the determination of emission of nitric oxide from soil. Atmospheric Environment 27 (14), 2107-2113, doi:10.1016/0960-1686(93)90040-6

Davidson EA and Ackerman IL (1993) Changes in soil carbon inventories following cultivation of previously untilled soils. Biogeochemistry 20(3), 161-193, doi:10.1007/BF00000786

Davidson EA and Lefebvre PA (1993) Estimating regional carbon stocks and spatially covarying edaphic factors using soil maps at three scales. Biogeochemistry 22(2), 107-131, doi:10.1007/BF00002707

Davidson EA, Matson PA, Vitousek PM, Riley R, Dunkin K, García-Méndez G and Maass JM (1993) Processes regulating soil emissions of NO and N2O in a seasonally dry tropical forest. Ecology 74(1), 130-139, doi:10.2307/1939508

Davidson EA, Hart SC and Firestone MK (1992) Internal cycling of nitrate in soils of a mature coniferous forest. Ecology 73(4), 1148-1156, doi: 10.2307/1940665

Schimel J,  Robertson GP, Baldocchi D, Bogner J, Davidson EA, Duyzer J, Ehhalt D, Fowler D, Groffman P, Haider K,  Isadorov V, Klemedtsson L, Melillo L, Smith SuWH, Wieprecht W and Isodorov VA (1992) Impacts of trace gas fluxes in mid-latitude ecosystems. Ecological Bulletins 42, 124-132

Keller M, Galbally I, Baer M, Davidson EA, Fitzjarrald D, Harris G, Johansson C, Matson P, Nobre C, Sanhueza E and Stewart J (1992) Tropical land use change and trace gas emissions. Ecological Bulletins 40, 156-163

Davidson EA (1992) Pulses of nitric oxide and nitrous oxide flux following wetting of dry soil: An assessment of probable sources and importance relative to annual fluxes. Ecological Bulletins 42, 149-155

Davidson EA (1992) Sources of nitric oxide and nitrous oxide following wetting of dry soil. Soil Science Society of America Journal 56 (1), 95-102, doi:10.2136/sssaj1992.03615995005600010015x

Davidson EA, Hart SC, Shanks CA and Firestone MK (1991) Measuring gross nitrogen mineralization, and nitrification by 15 N isotopic pool dilution in intact soil cores. European Journal of Soil Science 42(3), 335-34, doi:10.1111/j.1365-2389.1991.tb00413.x

Rudaz AO, Davidson EA and Firestone MK (1991) Sources of nitrous oxide production following wetting of dry soil. FEMS Microbiology Letters 85(2), 117-124, doi:10.1111/j.1574-6968.1991.tb04703.x-i1

Davidson EA, Vitousek PM, Matson PA, Riley R, García‐Méndez G and Maass JM (1991) Soil emissions of nitric oxide in a seasonally dry tropical forest of México. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 96(D8), 15439-15445, doi:10.1029/91JD01476

Amundson RG and Davidson EA (1990) Carbon dioxide and nitrogenous gases in the soil atmosphere. Journal of Geochemical Exploration 38(1), 13-41, doi:10.1016/0375-6742(90)90091-N

Stark J, Davidson EA, and Swank WT (1990) Microbial production and consumption of nitrate in an anuual grassland. Ecology 71(5), 1968-1975

Davidson EA and Swank WT (1990) Nitrous oxide dissolved in soil solution: An insignificant pathway of nitrogen loss from a southeastern hardwood forest. Water Resources Research 26(7), 1687-1690, doi:10.1029/WR026i007p01687

Davidson EA, Eckert RW, Hart C and Firestone MK (1989) Direct extraction of microbial biomass nitrogen from forest and grassland soils of California. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 21(6), 773-778, doi:10.1016/0038-0717(89)90169-7

Davidson EA and Firestone MK (1988) Measurement of nitrous oxide dissolved in soil solution. Soil Science Society of America Journal 52(4), 1201-1203, doi:10.2136/sssaj1988.03615995005200040060x

Davidson EA and Swank WT (1987) Foliar mineral elements in native plants on contrasting rock types: Multivariate patterns and nutrient balance regulation. Soil Science 144(3), 190-202

Davidson EA and Swank WT (1987) Factors limiting denitrification in soils from mature and disturbed southeastern hardwood forests. Forest Science 33(1), 135-144

Davidson EA, Galloway LF and Strand MK (1987) Assessing available carbon: Comparison of techniques across selected forest soils. Communications in Soil Science & Plant Analysis 18(1), 45-64

Davidson EA and Swank WT (1986) Environmental parameters regulating gaseous nitrogen losses from two forested ecosystems via nitrification and denitrification. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 52(6), 1287-1292

Davidson EA, Swank WT and Perry TO (1986) Distinguishing between nitrification and denitrification as sources of gaseous nitrogen production in soil. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 52(6), 1280-1286

Davidson EA, Strand MK and Galloway MF (1986) Evaluation of the most probable number method for enumerating denitrifying bacteria. Soil Science Society of America Journal 49(3), 642-645, doi:10.2136/sssaj1985.03615995004900030023x


Technical Reports

Luterbacher, J. et al. 2021. United in Science 2021, A Multi-Organization High-Level Compilation of the Latest Climate Science Information. World Meteorological Organization,

Davidson EA, Kanter D, Suddick EC and Syntharalingham P (2013) Chapter 3: N2O: Sources, Inventories, Projections. In J. Alcamo, S.A. Leonard, A.R. Ravishankara, and M. A. Sutton (eds.). Drawing Down N2O to Protect Climate and the Ozone Layer. A UNEP Synthesis Report. United Nations Environment. Programme (UNEP), Nairobi, Kenya, ISBN: 978-92-807-3358-7 DEW/1748/NA

Sutton MA, Bleeker A, Howard CM, Bekunda M, Grizzetti B, de Vries W, van Grinsven HJM, Abrol YP, Adhya TK, Billen G, Davidson EA, Datta A, Diaz R, Erisman JW, Liu XJ, Oenema O, Palm C, Raghuram N, Reis S, Scholz RW, Sims T, Westhoek H and Zhang FS (2013) Our Nutrient World: The challenge to produce more food and energy with less pollution. Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Edinburgh.

Suddick EC and Davidson EA (2012) The role of nitrogen in climate change and the impacts of nitrogen-climate interactions on terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, agriculture, and human health in the United States: a technical report submitted to the US National Climate Assessment. North American Nitrogen Center of the International Nitrogen Initiative (NANC-INI), Woods Hole Research Center (149): 02540-1644

WHRC and UNEP (2007) Reactive Nitrogen in the Environment: Too Much or Too Little of a Good Thing.  Eric A Davidson, Charles Arden-Clarke, and Elizabeth Braun (eds.).  The United Nations Environment Programme. Paris, France


Books and Book Chapters

Davidson, E.A. 2022. Science for a Green New Deal: Connecting Climate, Economics, and Social Justice, Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.

Davidson EA and Holbrook NM (2009) Is Temporal Variation of Soil Respiration Linked to the Phenology of Photosynthesis? pp. 187-199 In: A. Noormets (Ed.) Phenology of ecosystem processes. Springer, New York

Dias-Filho MB, Davidson EA, Carvalho CJR (2001) Linking Biogeochemical Cycles to cattle pasture management and sustainability in the Amazon Basin. pp. 84-105 In: ME McClain, RL Victoria and JE Richey (eds.), The Biogeochemistry of the Amazon Basin, Oxford University Press, New York

Davidson EA (2000) You Can’t Eat GNP: Economics as though Ecology Mattered. Cambridge (MA), Perseus Press

Neil C and Davidson EA (2000) Soil Carbon Accumulation or Loss Following Deforestation for Pasture in the Brazilian Amazon. pp. 197-211 in Lal, R. J.M.  Kimble, and B.A. Stewart (eds.) Global climate change and tropical ecosystems, CRC Press, Boca Raton

Adams MB, Ramakrishna K and Davidson EA (1998) The contribution of Soil Science to the Development of and implementation of criteria and indicators of sustainable forest management, SSSA special publication number 53, 156, Soil Science Society of America, Madison, Wisc

Davidson EA and Schimel JP (1995) Microbial processes of production and consumption of nitric oxide, nitrous oxide and methane. Biogenic trace gases: measuring emissions from soil and water, 327-357. In P.A. Matson and R.C. Harriss (eds.) Biogenic Trace Gases: Measuring Emissions from Soil and Water. Blackwell Science, Oxford

Davidson EA (1995) Linkage between carbon and nitrogen cycling and their implications for storage of carbon in terrestrial ecosystem. pp. 219-230 In G.M. Woodwell and R.T. Mackenzie (eds.) Biotic Feedbacks in the Global Climatic System. Oxford University Press, New York

Davidson EA, Agren G, Daniel O, Emeis K-C, Largeau C, Lee C, Mopper K, Oades JM, Reeburgh WS, Schimel DS and Zepp RG (1995) What Are the Physical, Chemical, and Biological Processes That Control the Formation and Degradation of Nonliving Organic Matter? pp. 305-324 In R.G. Zepp and Ch. Sonntag (eds) Role of Nonliving Organic Matter in the Earth’s Carbon Cycle. Dahlem Workshop. John Wiley & Sons, New York

Davidson EA (1994) Climate Change and Soil Microbial Processes: Secondary Effects are Hypothesised from Better Known Interacting Primary Effects. pp. 155-166 In M.D.A. Rounsevell and P.J. Loveland (eds.) Soil Responses to Climate Change, NATO ASI Series, Vol. I23, Springer-Verlag, Berlin

Hart SC, Stark JM, Davidson EA and Firestone MK (1994) Nitrogen Mineralization, Immobilization, and Nitrification. pp. 985-1018 In Methods of soil analysis, Part 2. Microbiological and biochemical properties. Soil Science Society of America Book series no. 5, Madison, Wisc

Davidson EA, Herman DJ, Schuster A and Firestone MK (1993) Cattle Grazing and Oak Trees as Factors Affecting Soil Emissions of Nitric Oxide from an Annual Grassland. pp. 109-119 In L.A. Harper et al. (eds.) Agricultural ecosystem effects on trace gases and global climate change. ASA Spec. Publ. No. 55, Agronomy Society of America, Madison, Wisc

Davidson EA (1993) Soil Water Content and the Ratio of Nitrous Oxide to Nitric Oxide Emitted from Soil. pp. 369-386 In R.S. Oremland (ed.) The biogeochemistry of global change: radiative trace gases, Chapman and Hall, New York

Hutchinson GL, Davidson EA (1993) Processes for Production and Consumption of Gaseous Nitrogen Oxides in Soil. pp. 79-93 In L.A. Harper et al. (ed.) Agricultural ecosystem effects on trace gases and global climate change. ASA Spec. Publ. No. 55, Agronomy Society of America, Madison, Wisc

Davidson EA, Rogers JE, and Whitman WB (1991) Fluxes of Nitrous oxide and nitric oxide from terrestrial ecosystems. pp. 219 235 in J.E. Rogers and W.B. Whitman (eds), Microbial Production and Consumption of Greenhouse Gases: Methane, Nitrogen Oxides, and Halomethanes, American Society for Microbiology, Washington

Firestone MK and Davidson EA (1989) Microbiological Basis of NO and N2O Production and Consumption in Soil. pp. 7 21 In M.O. Andreae and D.S. Schimel (eds) Exchange of trace gases between terrestrial ecosystems and the atmosphere. John Wiley & Sons, New York