Selected Publications

BN Sulman, E Shevliakova, ER Brzostek, SN Kivlin, S Malyshev, DNL Menge, Xin Zhang (2019) Diverse mycorrhizal associations enhance terrestrial C storage in a global model, Global Biogeochemical Cycles. doi: 10.1029/2018GB005973

W Peng, F Wagner, MV Ramana, H Zhai, MJ Small, C Dalin, X Zhang, DL Mauzerall (2018) Managing China’s coal power plants to address multiple environmental objectives, Nature Sustainability, 1(11): 693-701. link

X Zhang (2017) A plan for efficient use of nitrogen fertilizers, Nature, 543:322-323. link

D Kanter, X Zhang, DL Mauzerall, S Malyshev, E Shevliakova (2016) The importance of climate change and nitrogen use efficiency for future nitrous oxide emissions from agriculture, Environmental Research Letters.  link

J Ranganathan, D Vennard, R Waite, B Lipinski, T Searchinger, P Dumas, A Forslund, H Guyomard, S Manceron, E Marajo-Petitzon, C Le Mouël, P Havlik, M Herrero, X Zhang, S Wirsenius, F Ramos, X Yan, M Phillips and R Mungkung (2016) Shifting Diets for a Sustainable Food Future, Working Paper, Installment 11 of Creating a Sustainable Food Future. Washington, DC: World Resources Institute. Accessible at

X Zhang, EA Davidson, DL Mauzerall, TD Searchinger, P Dumas, Y Shen (2015) Managing Nitrogen for Sustainable Development, Nature, 528:51-59, doi: 10.1038/nature15743. link

X Zhang, DL Mauzerall, EA Davidson, DR Kanter, RH Cai (2015) The economic and environmental consequences of implementing nitrogen-efficient technologies and management practices in agriculture, Journal of Environmental Quality, doi:10.2134/jeq2014.03.0129.

X Zhang, XH Lee, TJ Griffis, JM Baker, W Xiao (2014) Estimating regional greenhouse gas fluxes: An uncertainty analysis of planetary boundary layer techniques and bottom-up inventories, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 14: 10705–10719, doi:10.5194/acp-14-10705-2014.

DR Kanter, X Zhang, DL Mauzerall (2014) Reducing nitrogen pollution while decreasing farmers’ costs and increasing fertilizer industry profits, Journal of Environmental Quality, doi:10.2134/jeq2014.04.0173.

M Kang, C Kanno, M Reid, X Zhang, DL Mauzerall, M Celia, Y Chen, TC Onstott (2014) Direct measurements of methane emissions from abandoned oil and gas wells in Pennsylvania, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, doi:10.1073/pnas.1408315111.

X Zhang, XH Lee, TJ Griffis, JM Baker, M Erickson, J Fasbinder, W Xiao, N Hu (2014) Quantifying nitrous oxide fluxes on multiple spatial scales in the Upper Midwest, USA, International Journal of Biometeorology, doi:10.1007/s00484-014-0842-4.

RH Cai, X Zhang, DR Kanter (2014) The impact of crop price on nitrous oxide emissions: A dynamic programming approach, An Agricultural & Applied Economics Association (AAEA) selected paper accepted for presentation at AAEA Annual Meeting, Minneapolis, MN, July 27-29, 2014. preprint

X Zhang, XH Lee, TJ Griffis, JM Baker, MD Erickson, W Xiao, N Hu (2013) The influence of plants on atmospheric methane in an agriculture-dominated landscape, International Journal of Biometeorology, doi: 10.1007/s00484-013-0662-y.

X Zhang (2013) Improving regional-scale greenhouse gas inventories in an agriculture-dominated landscape using a multi-scale approach. PhD Dissertation, Yale University. preprint

TJ Griffis, XH Lee, JM Baker, MP Russelle, X Zhang, R Venterea, DB Millet (2013) Reconciling the differences between top-down and bottom-up estimates of nitrous oxide emissions for the US Corn Belt, Global biogeochemical cycles, doi: 10.1002/gbc.20066.

X Zhang, Y Zhao, MS Ashton, XH Lee (2012) Measuring carbon in forests, in Managing Forest Carbon in a Changing Climate (M. Ashton, M. L. Tyrrell, D Spalding, B Gentry eds), Springer, New York, 139-144.

TJ Griffis, XH Lee, JM Baker, K Billmark, N Schultz, MD Erickson, X Zhang, J Fassbinder, W Xiao, N Hu (2011) Oxygen isotope composition of evapotranspiration and its relation to C4 photosynthetic discrimination, Journal of Geophysical Research – Biogeosciences, 116, G01035. DOI: 10.1029/2010JG001514

TJ Griffis, SD Sargent, XH Lee, JM Baker, J Greene, MD Erickson, X Zhang, K Billmark, N Schultz, W Xiao, N Hu (2010) Determining the oxygen isotope composition of evapotranspiration with eddy covariance, Boundary-Layer Meteorology, 137(2):307-326. reprint

JC Chan, X Zhang (2009) Air Pollution Status and Challenges Ahead in the Greater Pearl River Delta Region, in Lectures on China’s Environment, Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies Publication Series Report Number 20. reprint

Working papers

X Zhang, EA Davidson, Sustainable Nitrogen Management Index (SNMI). link



Global map of Nitrogen fertilizer input rate for year 2015: Nfer_15arcmins_2015